What Is The IoT? Everything You Need To Know About The Internet Of Things
Today, we are able to connect our kitchen appliances to entire power stations to the internet. We can turn on the air conditioner before we reach home. We can illuminate our houses using our smartphones. And all of these have been possible with one invention that allowed us to connect devices and appliances to the internet — the Internet of Things or IoT.
Nearly every job and business today involves handling or using IoTs in some capacity. IoT devices and applications are important because they help companies and businesses automate processes and help reduce labour costs. IoT has become an industry big enough to create massive job opportunities.
So, if you are looking to pivot into industries that deal with IoTs, opting for an MCA degree (Master in Computer Application) will help you on your journey when looking for future career prospects. An MCA program is a two-year postgraduate program offering in-depth knowledge in computer science and IT (Information technology).
What Is Iot? – Internet Of Things Definition
IoT or the Internet of things refers to a network or collection of devices that are connected to the internet at any given point in time. To put it simply, the internet of things can refer to anything from a child’s toy to something as big as a jet engine. So long as it can connect to the internet and can collect and share data, it’s an IoT device.
IoT devices are generally devices you wouldn’t expect to have an internet connection and can communicate with the network without any human interference. Such devices like your PC or your mobile phone, wouldn’t be considered IoT devices. On the other hand, a smartwatch can be considered an IoT device.
So now that you have a good idea of what the internet of things is. Let’s get into where you can see IoT devices mostly being used.
Where Are the Internet of Things Devices and Applications Used?
IoT devices, initially, were mainly used in manufacturing businesses that dealt with M2M (Machine to Machine) communications. Today, that focus has shifted to making those devices more relevant to our daily lives, like filling our homes and officers with smart devices to help with everyday tasks.
Here are some examples of where you can find IoTs being implemented.
Cars and other vehicles can be connected to the internet in many ways. It can be through smart dashcams, infotainment systems, or even the vehicle’s connected gateway. They’re used to collect information on the vehicle to monitor both the driver and vehicle performance.
Smart homes are used to improve the convenience, efficiency and even the safety of the house. Devices like smart outlets can monitor electricity usage, and smart thermostats offer better temperature control. Home security systems like door locks and security cameras can be used to detect any threats and be used to send alerts to the homeowner or authorities.
IoT devices have made it possible to make urban city plans more efficient. Governments are now beginning to use IoT applications to solve issues in infrastructure, environment and health. IoT applications have also made it possible to measure air quality levels, reduce energy bills with smart light systems, and detect infrastructure maintenance requirements.
Much like smart homes, facilities like college campuses and office buildings use IoT applications and devices to reduce energy consumption, lower maintenance costs and help people use workspaces more efficiently.
What is Industrial IoT?
Industrial IoTs (IIoTs) refer to IoT devices used in manufacturing, health, retail, and other industries to help make businesses more efficient. For example, they can be sensors or equipment that can be used to improve business operations. They also provide insight into supply chain management, production processes, human resource, etc., to reduce costs and increase profit.
Industries that Use IoT
In manufacturing businesses, IoTs predict maintenance times for machinery and equipment to prevent unplanned downtime. IoT applications are also used to predict equipment failure. This also helps in preventing any worker injuries in addition to cutting down maintenance costs.
Retail businesses use IoT devices and applications to help in managing their stocks and inventory. Additionally, some businesses also use them to track and move products.
IoT devices and applications are mostly used in automobile manufacturing. For example, Industrial sensors are used to provide real-time 3D images of the vehicle components. IoT devices also help speed up diagnostic processes, and troubleshooting can be done much faster.
Logistics and Transport
As we have stated before, IoT devices can be used to help with supply chain management, inventory relationships and scheduled maintenance. Shipping companies often use IoTs for fuel management and tracking shipping routes. They are especially helpful with temperature control on refrigerated containers.
As you can see IoTs have a host of applications and usages. With an extensive list of industries and businesses that use them, the demand for IoT experts will only increase. So, it is high time you consider doing an MCA degree in IoT. While choosing the preferred college for your MCA, you can browse the list of Sunstone-powered campuses.
Sunstone is a higher education services provider offering industry-focused training modules to upskill students. And when you learn new skills, you increase your employability. Sunstone also offers dedicated placement support after course completion.